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Westminster Shorter Catechism Project

The Shorter Catechism
of the Westminster Assembly
Explained and Proved
from Scripture

by
Thomas Vincent


XLVI. Ques. What is required in the first commandment?
Ans.
The first commandment requireth usto know and acknowledge God to be the only true God, and our God, and to worship and glorify him accordingly.

Q. 1. How many duties are there chiefly required in the first commandment?
A. There are three duties chiefly required in the first commandment. 1. To know God. "And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father."— 1 Chron. 28:9. 2. To acknowledge God. "Thou hast avouched the Lord this day to be thy God."— Deut. 26:17. 3. To worship and glorify God. "Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve."— Matt. 4:10.

Q. 2. What are we bound to know concerning God ?
A. We are bound to know— 1. That God is, or that there is a God. 2. What God is in all those glorious attributes and perfections whereby he hath made himself known.

Q. 3. How ought we to acknowledge God?
A. 1. We ought to acknowledge God to be the only true God. "Unto us there is but one God "— 1 Cor. 8:6. 2. We ought to take and own God for our God. "This God is our God."— Ps. 48:14.

Q. 4. How ought we to worship and glorify God?
A. We ought to worship and glorify God as the only right object of divine worship and honour— 1. In our minds, by thinking, meditating, remembering, and highly esteeming of him. "A book of remembrance was written before him, for them that thought on his name."— Mal. 3:16. "When I remember thee on my bed, and meditate on thee in the night watches."— Ps. 63:6. "O God, who is like unto thee ?"— Ps. 71:19. 2. In our wills, by choosing him for our chief good, and devoting ourselves t6 his service. "Ye have chosen the Lord, to serve him." — Josh. 24:22. 3. In our hearts, by loving him, desiring him, fearing him, believing and trusting in him, grieving for our sins against him, hoping in him, delighting and rejoicing in him. "And now, Israel, what doth the Lord thy God require of thee, but to fear the Lord thy God, and to love him?" &c.— Deut. 10:12. "The desire of our soul is to thy name."— Isa. 26:8. "And the people believed the Lord and his servant Moses."— Exod. 14:31. "Trust ye in the Lord for ever."— Isa. 26:4. "I will be sorry for my sin."— Ps. 38:18. "Let Israel hope in the Lord."— Ps. 130:7. "Delight thyself in the Lord."— Isa. 37:4. 4. In our lips, by calling upon him, and speaking well of his name. "In everything by prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known unto God."— Phil. 4:6. "My mouth shall speak of the praise of the Lord."— Ps. 145:5. In our lives, by yielding all obedience unto him, being zealous for his glory, careful to please him, fearful of offending him, and by walking humbly before him. "This thing commanded I them, Obey my voice, and walk ye in all the ways that I commanded "— Jer. 7:23. "The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up."— John 2:17. "Walk worthy of the Lord, unto all pleasing."— Col. 1:10. "How can I do this great wickedness, and sin against God ?"— Gen. 39:9. "Walk humbly with thy God."— Micah 6:8.

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